“Every great artwork has two faces: one for the present and the other one for the eternity” (D.B)
“Historicize” means to consider someone as the result of a story, a complex intersection of social and cultural factors but also economic and political ones. An historicized artist, like our modern artists, is an artist recognized by the society in this way: his artworks are well-known not only by the so called “art - élite” . They are a real heritage for the entire human community. Historicized art is a part of the thought, the language and the culture of a community of people. Then, history is made by people, by their thoughts and actions.
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He was born in Cesena in 1928, the first evidence of a certain interest of Sughi dates back to 1943-1944 with evident references to Rosai, Fattori and above all to Lorenzo Viani. After a one-year stay in Turin in 1946, he lived from 1948 to 1951 in Rome. In 1954 he exhibited at the Galleria del Pincio in Rome with Corrado Cagli and Marcello Muccini; two years later he held his first solo show in the same gallery, followed the following year by a second one that specifies his personality and his poetic world, highlighting his interest in social news.
Son of an archaeologist responsible for the excavations at Leptis Magna in Libya, after an apprenticeship at the Etruscan Museum of Villa Giulia he made his debut in 1960 with an exhibition at the La Salita Gallery in Rome presented by Pierre Restany: Five Roman painters: Angeli, Festa, Lo Savio, Schifano, Uncini. He immediately attracted the interest of critics by creating monochrome paintings that offer the idea of a photographic screen that will later host numbers, letters, street signs, the Esso and Coca Cola brands. Sign an exclusive contract with the American gallery owner Ileana Sonnabend.
He was born in Città di Castello (Perugia) on March 12, 1915. He graduated in medicine in 1940. As a medical officer he was taken prisoner by the allies in Tunisia in 1943 and sent to the Hereford camp, Texas. Here he begins to paint. Returning to Italy in 1946, he settled in Rome and devoted himself to painting. In '47 and '48 he held his first personal exhibitions in Rome (Galleria La Margherita). In 1951 he participated in the foundation of the "Origine" group with Ballocco, Capogrossi, Colla, and the following year he exhibited Neri and Muffe at the Obelisk Gallery.
He was born on January 28, 1927, he attended classical high school and in 1945 he enrolled in the faculty of literature and prepared a thesis on Giorgio De Chirico without graduating. He was co-founder, with Attardi, Consagra, Dorazio, Guerrini, Accardi, Sanfilippo and Turcato, of the artistic avant-garde called Gruppo Forma 1 of Marxist inspiration. He exhibits in numerous solo and group exhibitions, including his participation in the International Art Exhibition of Venice in 1952, 1958 and in 1962 and 1968 with a personal room. From 1948 to 1986 he participated in five editions of the Rome Quadriennale.
She was born in Trapani, October 9, 1924. Among the most original artists of the second post-war period, he is to be considered among the greatest exponents of Italian abstractionism. After studying at the Academy of Fine Arts in Palermo, in 1946 he moved to Rome. The following year he founded with Attardi, Consagra, Dorazio, Guerrini, Perilli, Sanfilippo and Turcato, the artistic avant-garde Gruppo Forma 1. The systematic research and exaltation of the sign-color will characterize his artistic personality for over half a century. Numerous exhibitions around the world consecrate her as an artist of international level.
He was born in Rome on May 14, 1935, he was an Italian artist and painter. After a beginning conditioned by the art of Burri, he created works in which the canvas alternated with cotton gauze stained with paint, from which images and symbols of power and violence emerged, such as imperial eagles, swastikas, Capitoline wolves (La lupa di Roma, 1961), hammers and sickles, dollars and crosses, which underline the theme of memory. Angeli becomes one of the main exponents of the famous School of Piazza del Popolo, established by the same author together with Mario Schifano and Tano Festa, with whom he shares a long and fruitful path that will lead them to become the leading exponents of Italian pop art.
He was born on 27 October 1943 in Florence. He approaches painting since he was a child, making this practice his favorite means of communication that he will never abandon. He attended the Faculty of Letters and Philosophy, initially dealing with literary criticism: he was editor of magazines and reviewer of fictional texts, arriving, years later, to entertain relations with Domenico Rea, Alfonso Gatto, the Nobel laureate José Saramago, Edoardo Sanguineti - who in the 1974 dedicates several poems to him - and Goffredo Parise, who in the early 1980s wrote a fundamental essay on his painting. For some years he worked in the written and television communication sector and in 1979 he founded and directed the art magazine Signorina Rosina while actively living within the intellectual and artistic world.
On February 19, 1899, Lucio Fontana was born in Rosario di Santa Fé, Argentina, to parents of Italian origin. His father Luigi, a sculptor, has been in Argentina for about ten years and his mother, Lucia Bottino, is a theater actress. From school age, Lucio was sent to Italy for studies and entrusted to his uncle from Castiglione Olona, in the province of Varese. From 1906 to 1911 he attended the Torquato Tasso college in Biumo Inferiore (VA) and, once he graduated from elementary school, he continued with the technical school of the Archbishop's College Ballerini, in Seregno. Thus began the artist's apprenticeship, starting with the practice in the studio of his sculptor father (who in the meantime returned to Italy) and studying at the same time at the School of Building Masters of the "Carlo Cattaneo" Technical Institute in Milan.
She was born in Rome in 1932 into a family of artists: his father was a sculptor and his mother was a painter. Fioroni studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Rome under the guidance of the artist Toti Scialoja. She achieved important successes from a very young age: she exhibited at the Venice Biennale at the age of 24 and from that moment she began to be present in numerous collective and personal exhibitions. The relationship with her husband Goffredo Parise, an important Italian journalist and writer, will be very important, which she will define as "the central and happy event of her life". Giosetta Fioroni is very close to the Galleria La Tartaruga by Plinio de Martiis in Rome, where she deepens her relationships with the likes of De Kooning and Rauschenberg.
GIORGIO DE CHIRICO
Despite being considered (rightly) one of the most important Italian painters, Giorgio de Chirico (1888-1978) was born in Volo, in Thessaly. Greece and the classical world will play a fundamental role in the artist's imagination: columns, classical busts and white marble statues appear alongside squares and modern buildings in his paintings. Giorgio de Chirico studied at the Athens Polytechnic, at the Academy of Fine Arts in Florence and at the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich. Then he moved to Milan in 1909 and finally to Paris in 1911, where his brother Alberto already lived. In the French capital he met Picasso and became friends with the poets Paul Valéry and Guillaume Apollinaire. It is in this period that he gives life to one of the most famous series of paintings: that of the "metaphysical squares".
FILIPPO DE PISIS
De Pisis Filippo: is the pseudonym of Luigi Filippo Tibertelli born in Ferrara on 11 May 1896, and who later adopted the old family surname, de Pisis. He disappeared in Milan in 1956. His collections During his adolescence he wrote poetry and studied painting with various masters including Odoardo Domenichini. He loved to surround himself with rare and curious objects and old books, also collecting a collection of butterflies and wild flowers which in 1915 he donated to the University of Padua. Nervous disorders Affected by nervous disorders, de Pisis was admitted to the psychiatric hospital in Venice in 1915 and exempted from military service.
He was born in Krefeld in northern Germany in 1921. Beuys draws the inspiration that accompanied him throughout his activity, conducted along a mysterious thread of spiritual, "shamanic" rebirth, which reaches the final harmony of man with himself himself and with nature. After the war he studied art, graduating in 1952 at the Staatliche Kunstakademie in Düsseldorf where at the beginning of the sixties he obtained the chair of monumental sculpture, a role he held until 1972, the year in which he was fired after organizing a strike. Become one of the most active members of Fluxus, driven by the desire to investigate the meaning of art in relation to its social use. Hence the famous motto "every man is an artist", aimed at reaffirming the concept of "total art" from the purely aesthetic experience to everyday life.
He was born in Turin where he made his debut in the Arte Povera area in January 1967. In 1972 he moved to Rome, a context more similar to his predilection for the South of the world. The previous year she discovered Afghanistan and started the artistic work that she entrusts to the Afghan embroiderers, including the Maps, the colored planispheres that she will re-propose over the years, as a register of the political changes in the world. A conceptual, versatile and kaleidoscopic artist, he multiplies the types of works whose execution - in certain cases - is delegated with precise rules to other subjects and other hands, following the principle of 'necessity and chance.
He was born on 10 July 1935 in Vimercate, Milan, he completed technical and mechanical drawing studies. Self-taught painter, he began exhibiting at a very young age. In 1958 the Bonalumi Castellani and Manzoni group was born with an exhibition at the Galleria Pater in Milan, which was followed by other exhibitions in Rome, Milan and Lausanne. In 1961 at the Kasper Gallery in Lausanne he was one of the founders of the Nuova Scuola Europea group. Arturo Schwarz bought his works and in 1965 presented a solo exhibition of Bonalumi in his gallery in Milan, with a presentation in the catalog by Gillo Dorfles.
He was born in Rome on 7 March 1900. Graduated in Law, he has always devoted himself to painting. stays in Paris where he elaborates a figurative and tonal painting that is linked to classical Italian sources. He exhibits for the first time in 1927 in a group exhibition at the Pensione Dinesen in Rome with Cavalli and Di Cocco; again with Cavalli, Cagli and Sclavi he took part in the exhibition in the Bonjean Gallery in Paris in 1933.
He was born in Florence in 1946, he studied at the Istituto d'Arte and then at the Academy of Fine Arts in Florence where he graduated in 1969. After graduating, Chia devoted himself to travel, India, Turkey and all of Europe before settling in Rome in 1970.During 1970 he began exhibiting in Rome and Europe, gradually moving away from conceptual works towards a more figurative style of painting.Between September 1980 and August 1981 he received a scholarship from the city of Monchengladbach in Germany where he moved to work for a year. The following year he moved to New York, where he remained for over two decades, with frequent trips back to Montalcino, near Siena in Italy. He was part of the Italian movement "Transavanguardia", exhibits in many of the most important museums and galleries in the world. Sandro Chia exhibits at the Paris and San Paolo Biennale and three times at the Venice Biennale.
Piero Gilardi was born in Turin in 1942, where he lives and works. In 1963, he created his first personal exhibition Machines for the future. Two years later he created the first works in polyurethane foam, the Nature-carpets which he exhibited in Paris, Brussels, Cologne, Hamburg, Amsterdam and New York. Starting from 1968 he interrupted the production of works to participate in the elaboration of the new artistic trends of the late 60s: Arte Povera, Land Art, Antiform Art. He has published two books of theoretical reflection on his various researches: From art to life, from life to art (La Salamandra, Milan 1981) and Not for Sale (Mazzotta, Milan 2000 and Les Presses du réel, Dijon 2003). He writes articles for various art magazines such as Juliet and Flash Art.
Renato Guttuso was born on 26 December 1911 at Bagheria. His father Gioacchino, a land-surveyor and amateur watercolourist, and his mother Giuseppina d’Amico, due to disagreements with their own town depending on their liberal ideas, registered the birth on 2 January 1912 in Palermo. In his birthplace Guttuso discovered painting at a very early age; as he himself wrote: “… among my father’s watercolours, the studio of the painter Domenico Quattrociocchi and the workshop of the cart painter Emilio Murdolo my path was taking shape when I was six, seven, ten years old…”.
Piero Manzoni was born in Soncino, in the province of Cremona, on July 13, 1933. He grew up in Milan where he enrolled in the Faculty of Law. His passion for art was born with the meeting with the great artist Lucio Fontana. His artistic debut took place in 1956 at the IV Fiera Mercato of the Castello Sforzesco di Soncino. In 1958 he perfected his first important works: the Achromes. In 1959 he founded his first self-managed gallery because he was at odds with the rest of the groups of Italian artists who always rejected him: Azimuth. In the sixties he began his research on bodies with the creation of 71 living sculptures (he signs people with colored stamps) and 45 air bodies (balloons called Fiati d'artista) culminating in the creation of the magical bases (world as the largest sculpture ) in Denmark.
He was born in Bologna on 20 July 1890 to Andrea and Maria Maccaferri. The boy demonstrates a precocious artistic predisposition, as evidenced by some works made known for the first time at the International Meeting "Morandi and his time", held at the Municipal Gallery of Modern Art in Bologna on 16 and 17 November 1984: among these is a small painting by Fiori made around the age of fifteen, in which the compositional setting proper to the more mature Morandian research is already found. In 1907 the young man enrolled at the Academy of Fine Arts, attending the preparatory course, the common one from 1909 to 1910 and the special figure course from 1910 to 1913. Among his classmates are Osvaldo Licini and Severo Pozzati, who are his companions as early as 1909-1910. His interest in Futurist poetics dates back to 1913-1914, nourished by the proximity of both Osvaldo Licini and Giacomo Vespignani.
Since the mid-sixties, Maurizio Nannucci (Florence 1939) has explored the relationship between language, writing and image by creating new conceptual proposals characterized by the use of different media: neon, photography, video, sound, editions and artist's books. Develop an interdisciplinary approach to artistic practices by initiating a network of dialogue between art, poetry and architecture. The use of colored glass tubes and neon lamps intensifies the visual perception and the diversity of the light configurations stimulates a new interpretation of the language and the spatial context.
He was born in Catanzaro on 7 October 1918 and, having obtained his artistic maturity at the Academy of Fine Arts in Naples, he settled in Rome in 1945. The first phase of his activity is characterized by the experimentation of different painting styles that will lead him to revolutionize the post-war artistic languages. In 1951 he set up his first solo exhibition at the Chiurazzi Gallery in Rome, which received widespread attention. His name therefore began to arouse considerable interest, so much so that in the same year he was awarded a scholarship from the Fulbright Foundation.
Andy Wharol was born in 1928 in Pittsburgh, Pennylvania. He was the fourth child of an immigrant family from the small town of Mikó, north-east of Slovakia. At first, Andy moved to America only with his father, who worked in a coal mine; the mother arrived in America a few years after the family had previously moved to America. Before becoming Andy Warhol pop art, the latter gradually began to gain fame by working in the famous New York society. In 1962, he made his first exhibition at the Ferus Gallery in Los Angeles, making him the first ever exponent of Pop Art on the west coast of America.
He was born in Venice in 1919 from a family of artisans-workers, he began to work as a self-taught person in the thirties. He began to exhibit in solo and group exhibitions since the forties, soon gaining international fame; the exhibition dedicated to him is from 1951 at the Catherine Viviano Gallery in New York. In 1955 he was invited to Kassel for “documenta 1”, he participated in “II. documenta ", in 1964 for" documenta III "he presented the Absurdes Berliner Tagebuch '64 and returned again to Kassel in 1982 for" documenta 7 ". Throughout his life he devoted himself with passion to teaching, giving lectures in various American universities and courses at the Internationale Sommerakademie für Bildende Kunst in Salzburg and at the Academy of Fine Arts in Venice.
Agostino Ferrari was born in Milan on 9 November 1938. In 1962 he founded the Gruppo del Cenobio with his painter friends Arturo Vermi, Angelo Verga, Ettore Sordini, Ugo La Pietra and the poet Alberto Lùcia. It is then that what will be the guiding thread of his research to date was born: the sign. In 1963 the sign was transformed into a real writing, a polychrome, dynamic handwriting; comes to a sort of Manifesti. In 1964-1965 he was in New York for two artistic seasons. From 1966 to 1967 there was a tendency towards plasticity in him which led him to seek the possibility of relating the sign to a total Form; Lucio Fontana presents an exhibition of his.
He was born in Comiso in Sicily on 23 October 1915, Salvatore Fiume was a painter, sculptor, architect, writer and set designer. At the age of sixteen he won a scholarship to the Royal Institute for Book Illustration in Urbino where he acquired a deep knowledge of printing techniques: lithography, screen printing, etching and woodcut. On the other hand, 1949 was the year of his first official exhibition, also in Milan, at the Borromini Gallery, where his Islands of statues and Cities of statues aroused much interest from critics. Rijeka's first experience in scenography dates back to 1952, again at the suggestion of Alberto Savinio. In that yearperformed the sketches for the sets and costumes for De Falla's Short Life and Beethoven's The Creatures of Prometheus for the Teatro alla Scala.
LUCIO DEL PEZZO
Lucio Del Pezzo was born in Naples on 13 December 1933. He is one of the founders of "Group 58", which has always been very close to other avant-gardes, such as the Enrico Baj Nuclear Movement, the Spoor Movement of Monaco, Phases of Paris and Boa of Buenos Aires. Lucio del Pezzo's production focuses on the use of common objects that, enriched with different materials, cross the boundary between painting and sculpture. His style is also characterized by a rapprochement with metaphysical atmospheres, while the playful sense and irony behind each work is inspired by the Dadaist movement.
He starts painting very young. In 1968 he embarks on a series of trips to Europe where he confronts contemporary culture. In Rome, in the 1970s, he worked for the theater and for television as a set designer and costume designer. In '75 his first solo show was held in Florence at the AxA gallery, in 1978 his first Roman solo exhibition at the Soligo gallery. In 2012 the Rocco Guglielmo Foundation, the Rotella Foundation and the Vecchiato Art Galleries organized in Catanzaro, at the Casa della memoria and the church of Sant'Omobono, an exhibition entitled Ghiacci ed ombre.
Giuseppe Amadio was born in 1944 in Todi, where he currently lives and works. He attended technical-artistic schools and free courses in design and advertising graphics, dealing with signs on an industrial scale. He alternates his activity as a painter with that of designer in the interior design sector. For over twenty years he has collaborated assiduously as a studio technician with the artist Piero Dorazio. From works characterized by a material-gestural poetics, he has moved in recent years to a conceptual language through the production of monochromatic everted canvases.
He was born in Padua in 1937, where he still resides, Alberto Biasi is one of the protagonists of post-war Italian art, as well as one of the founders of the historic Group N. In 1959 he participated in various youth art events and with some peers of Architecture students he formed the Group Enne-A. In 1960 he exhibited together with Enrico Castellani, Piero Manzoni, Agostino Bonalumi and other European artists at the Azimut Gallery in Milan. After the experience of Group N, Biasi continues his investigation into the interaction between spectator and work of art. In the seventies he developed the Polytypes characterized by the overlapping of several floors and the multiple intertwining of strips, thus alluding to the third dimension.
He made his debut in the mid-sixties by creating prototypes of vehicles with industrial materials, sculptures with essential geometric shapes made of plasticized and painted wood and developing, in parallel, an original idea of painting. His works have been widely exhibited in Europe since 1966 in public spaces such as the Palais des Beaux Arts, Brussels (Belgium), the Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid (Spain); the Gallery of Modern Art in Bologna and Palazzo delle Esposizioni in Rome
He was born in Lucca and in this city he has his studio in the Piazza dell'Anfiteatro. After completing his classical studies, he discovered the expressive qualities of drawing very early on, favoring an inclination to the fabulous story that he later maintained, also through the careful observation of the "human comedy". He came to painting, self-taught, from drawing and illustration. and his training opportunities were ideal and elective, fruit of the intellectual curiosity and of the literary and artistic culture that he had breathed in the family since he was a child, ranging from Greek-Roman classicism to the modern and contemporary era and with a particular predilection for the experiences of more lively and engaging fantastic cut.
In 1949, having moved to Bologna, where he currently resides, he attended the local Art Institute. He is interested in architecture and advertising graphics. In 1955 he went to Paris to perfect himself in the study of advertising in the Sepo atèlier, with which in 1960 he founded the Advertising Art School in Bologna dedicated to his father, Mario Pozzati. He is assistant at the Art Institute of Bologna and from 1956 to 1967 he taught advertising graphics. In 1962 and 1964 he created some sets for permanent theaters. Since 1967 he teaches at the Academy of Fine Arts in Urbino, which he then directs until 1973. He also teaches at the Academy of Florence and currently holds a chair in painting at the Academy of Fine Arts in Bologna. He is also an Academic of San Luca, and was Councilor for Culture of the Municipality of Bologna from 1993 to 1996.
Sanfilippo has contributed since 1945 to the affirmation of abstract art in Italy. Trained at the Academy of Florence, he settled in Rome where, in 1947, he founded the Marxist-inspired avant-garde group Forma 1, also composed of Dorazio, Perilli, Turcato, Consagra and Carla Accardi, whom he married in 1949. After the beginnings under the sign of neocubism, Sanfilippo was interested in a personal stylistic code, marked, starting from 1963, by lively colors. His works are exhibited in the modern art galleries of Rome and Turin.
Emilio Scanavino was born in Genoa on February 28, 1922. He graduated from the artistic high school and, after the Second World War, he began working for the Municipality of Genoa as a technical designer until 1950 when, after his success at the 25th Venice Biennale, he decided to devote himself only to his art. In his early works, the expressionist appeal that will fade after his stay in Paris in 1947 is evident: Scanavino's painting from this period will be marked by many affinities with the postcubist style. After a stay in London in 1951, the painter moved towards a more geometric and less figurative composition.
He was born in Florence in 1940, he died in Rome in 1971. Over a "long" decade (1958-1971), Paolo Scheggi's research crosses various fields of knowledge and different disciplines, from visual arts to architecture to fashion, from poetry to urban and theatrical performance to arrive at a conceptual and metaphysical reflection. In 1964 Carlo Belloli ascribes him among the 44 protagonists of structured visuality, in 1965 he is ascribed by Dorfles among the exponents of Object Painting; in the same year he joined the nine tendencije movement and made international contacts, especially in the northern European area where he exhibited several times and participated in the Zero and Nul group exhibitions.
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